Save Money by Earning More and Spending Less (Step 1)

Become so good they can't ignore you, since talent is overrated.

Right-brainers will rule the future, so get good at selling. Start with this career guide.

Professional training on career management (There's a short description here)

Market yourself. Make yourself more valuable to future employers. Publish helpful articles on your own Web site or blog. Link to it on your resume.
Google Sites

Frugal Family Living
The Total Money Makeover (Dave Ramsey)

Invest Wisely (Step 2)

The Ivy Portfolio (summarized here, with the author's original paper here) (out-of-sample)
This page has the 10-month moving average for the assets tracked in The Ivy Portfolio.

Financial Calculator: How long will it take you to reach your goal?
Rule of 72: How long does it take for your money to double?

Time Produces Growth (Step 3)

The Secret Powers of Time (YouTube video)

More Reading

Theology and Money
Money, Greed, and God (Jay Richards)
When Helping Hurts (Brian Fikkert)

Biographies of Rich People (why money isn't everything)
Jesse Livermore (Richard Smitten)
Hetty (Charles Slack)
How Starbucks Saved My Life (Michael Gates Gill)
The Monk and the Riddle (Randy Komisar)

Developing Trading Systems and Risk Management
The Ivy Portfolio (Mebane Faber)
The Way of the Turtle (Curtis Faith)
The Complete TurtleTrader (Michael Covel)
Fortune's Formula (William Poundstone)
Evidence-Based Technical Analysis (David Aronson)
CFA Institute podcast 

Finding Profitable Trading Strategies
CXO Advisory Web site
Alpha Architect blog 
Mebane Faber's Web site
Abnormal Returns blog
Just One Thing (John Mauldin)
Investment Gurus (Peter Tanous)
More Than You Know (Michael Mauboussin)

Value Investing 
Greenbackd blog
Patrick O'Shaughnessy's blog
Global Value (Mebane Faber)
Shareholder Yield (Mebane Faber)
What Works on Wall Street (James O'Shaughnessy)
Stocks for the Long Run (Jeremy Seigel)
CXO Advisory: Research page for value premium

Option Trading
Options Insider podcast
Options as a Strategic Investment (Lawrence McMillan)
McMillan on Options (Lawrence McMillan)
Options Volatility Trading (Adam Warner)
The Volatility Edge in Options Trading (Jeff Augen)
Options and the Volatility Risk Premium (Jared Woodard)
Iron Condor Spread Strategies (Jared Woodard)
CXO Advisory: Research page for equity options

History of Markets and Trading
All the Market Wizards books (Jack Schwager)
Inside the House of Money (Steve Drobney)
Wealth, War, and Wisdom (Barton Biggs)
When Genius Failed (Roger Lowenstein)
The Big Short (Michael Lewis)
The Quants (Scott Patterson)
Liar's Poker (Michael Lewis)
Hedgehogging (Barton Biggs)
Reminiscences of a Stock Operator (Edwin Lefèvre)
Fooled by Randomness (Nassim Taleb)
The Black Swan (Nassim Taleb)
The Misbehavior of Markets (Benoit Mandelbrot)
A Demon of Our Own Design (Richard Bookstaber)
Riches Among the Ruins (Robert Smith and Peter Zheutlin)
Mr. China (Tim Clissold) 
The Accidental Investment Banker (Jonathan Knee)
The Futures (Emily Lambert)

Even More Reading

On Standing Out
The Art of Non-Conformity (Chris Guillebeau)
The Giver (Lois Lowry)
Lord of the Flies (William Goldin)
The Geeks Shall Inherit the Earth (Alexandra Robbins)
Introvert Power (Laurie Helgoe)

Living Overseas
How to Retire Overseas (Kathleen Peddicord)
JetSetCitizen: Can you live overseas on $500 per month? Will a simple life make you happier?

Biographies of Christian Leaders
Amazing Grace (DVD)
Luther (DVD)
Bruchko (Bruce Olson)
Jonathan Goforth (Janet and Geoff Benge)

Philosophy of Science (why it sometimes pays to think outside the box)
Philosophy of Science course on MP3 (Michael Butler)
Sophie's World: A Novel About the History of Philosophy (Jostein Gaardner)
The Copernican Revolution (Thomas Kuhn)
Structure of Scientific Revolutions (Thomas Kuhn)

Anticancer (David Servan-Schreiber) Think different.
Freakonomics (Steven Levitt) Research can lead to surprising conclusions.
Superfreakonomics (Steven Levitt) Really surprising conclusions.
Flipped (Wendelin Van Draanen) See the world from someone else's point of view.
Just Do Something (Kevin DeYoung) A simple theology of decision-making.
How Women Help Men Find God (David Murrow)